Policy & Regulation
Aldeyra Therapeutics Touts Positive Top-Line Results from Part 1 of Adaptive Phase 3 RENEW Trial in Dry Eye Disease
5 December 2019 - - US-based biotechnology company Aldeyra Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: ALDX) has received positive top-line results from Part 1 of the adaptive Phase 3 RENEW Trial of topical ocular reproxalap in patients with dry eye disease, the company said.

The RENEW Trial is an ongoing adaptive, two-part, multi-center, randomized, vehicle-controlled, double-masked, parallel-group Phase 3 trial of 0.25% topical ocular reproxalap compared to vehicle in patients with moderate to severe dry eye disease.

The primary objective of RENEW Part 1 was to confirm dosing regimen, endpoints, and sample size for RENEW Part 2.

In Part 1 of RENEW, 422 patients were randomized equally to receive either four-times-daily reproxalap or vehicle for twelve weeks (the constant dosing group) or four-times-daily reproxalap or vehicle for four weeks, followed by twice-daily reproxalap or vehicle for eight weeks (the induction-maintenance dosing group).

The primary objective of RENEW Part 1 was achieved. Observed activity versus vehicle of the induction-maintenance dosing regimen of topical ocular reproxalap was greater than that of the constant dosing group, and the induction-maintenance dosing regimen will be advanced to RENEW Part 2.

The planned primary endpoints for RENEW Part 2 are ocular dryness score and fluorescein nasal region ocular staining score. RENEW Part 2 is expected to initiate in the first half of 2020 and enroll approximately 400 patients per arm at approximately 90% power to achieve statistical significance.

In the induction-maintenance dosing group, the RENEW co-primary endpoint of patient-reported visual analog scale ocular dryness from Weeks 2 to 12 was achieved (p=0.0004), and activity was observed as early as one week after initiation of therapy (p=0.001) and was maintained until the end of the trial.

In the induction-maintenance dosing group from Weeks 2 to 12, reproxalap was statistically superior to vehicle in VAS ocular endpoints for itching (p=0.03), foreign body sensation (p=0.004), discomfort (p=0.003), photophobia (p=0.004), and pain (p=0.03).

In the induction-maintenance dosing group from Weeks 2 to 12, reproxalap was statistically superior to vehicle in Ocular Discomfort and 4-Symptom Questionnaire ocular endpoints for dryness (p=0.01), discomfort (p=0.03), burning (p=0.03), grittiness (p=0.003), and stinging (p=0.02).

Although the improvement effect size of the co-primary endpoint of fluorescein nasal region ocular staining did not reach statistical significance, reproxalap was statistically superior to vehicle in reduction from baseline in the induction-maintenance dosing group from Weeks 1 to 4 of treatment (p=0.03), and statistical separation from vehicle was observed at Week 2 (p=0.04).

Consistent with clinical experience in over 1,100 patients, no adverse findings on safety assessments were observed, and reproxalap was well-tolerated. The most common reported adverse event in reproxalap-treated patients was transient and mild instillation site irritation.

Less than 8% of reproxalap-treated patients discontinued the trial due to adverse events, and moderate ocular adverse events were reported in fewer than 1% of subjects.

Reproxalap is a novel, small-molecule immune-modulating covalent inhibitor of reactive aldehyde species, which are elevated in ocular and systemic inflammatory disease.

Reproxalap's mechanism of action has been validated with the demonstration of statistically significant and clinically relevant activity in multiple physiologically distinct late-phase clinical indications.

Dry eye disease is a common inflammatory disease estimated to affect approximately 34m people in the United States.

The disease is characterised by insufficient moisture and lubrication in the anterior surface of the eye, leading to dryness, inflammation, pain, discomfort, irritation, diminished quality of life, and in severe cases, permanent vision impairment.

Among physicians and patients, existing therapy for dry eye disease is generally regarded as inadequate and often requires weeks or months to demonstrate activity. In patients with dry eye disease, pro-inflammatory RASP may contribute to ocular inflammation and changes in tear lipid composition.

By diminishing RASP levels, Aldeyra's RASP inhibitor platform represents a novel and differentiated approach for the treatment of the symptoms and signs of dry eye disease.

Aldeyra Therapeutics is a biotechnology company devoted to developing and commercializing next-generation medicines to improve the lives of patients with immune-mediated diseases. Aldeyra's lead investigational drug product candidates are potential first-in-class treatments in development for dry eye disease, allergic conjunctivitis, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and Sjögren-Larsson Syndrome.

The company is also developing other product candidates for retinal and systemic inflammatory diseases.
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